Australian States and Territories

Australia is divided into six states originating from the penal colonies of the 1700’s and two mainland territories. One of these is the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) whose capital Canberra is also the capital city of Australia.
Australia is also responsible for administering seven external territories – Norfolk Island, the uninhabited Coral Sea Islands Territory, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Christmas Island, the uninhabited Ashmore and Cartier Islands Territory, the Territory of Heard Island and the McDonald Islands in the sub-Antarctic and the Australian Antarctic Territory.

The Continent of Australia

Australia is the only nation to occupy an entire continent. Its landmass of nearly 7.7 million km2 is the flattest and (after Antarctica) driest of continents, yet it has extremes of climate and topography. There are rainforests and vast plains in the north, snowfields in the southeast, desert in the centre and fertile croplands in the east, south and southwest. About one third of the country lies in the tropics. Australia has a coastline of 36 735km.

The Australian Flag

The flag of Australia is the only one to fly over a whole continent. The small Union Jack represents the historical link with Britain, the large seven-pointed star represents the six States and the Territories, and the small stars form the Southern Cross – a prominent feature of the Southern Hemisphere night sky.

Australia’s Coat of Arms

Australia’s coat of arms – the official emblem of the Australian Government – was granted by King George V in 1912. The arms consist of a shield containing the badges of the six States. The supporters are native Australian fauna – a kangaroo and an emu. A yellow-flowered native plant, wattle, also appears in the design.

The National Anthem

Australia’s national anthem, Advance Australia Fair, is a revised version of a late 19th-century patriotic song composed by Peter Dodds McCormick. It was declared the national anthem in April 1984, replacing God Save the Queen, which was designated the royal anthem. In the same year, Australia officially adopted green and gold as its national colours .

Advance Australia Fair

Australians all let us rejoice,
For we are young and free; We’ve golden soil and wealth for toil, Our home is girt by sea;
Our land abounds in natures gifts Of beauty rich and rare;
In history’s page, let every stage Advance Australia Fair.
In joyful strains then let us sing Advance Australia Fair.

Beneath our radiant Southern Cross We’ll toil with hearts and hands;
To make this Commonwealth of ours Renowned of all the lands;
For those who’ve come across the seas We’ve boundless plains to share; With courage let us all combine
To Advance Australia Fair.
In joyful strains then let us sing Advance Australia Fair.

Moving to Melbourne

Preparation for your move involves both mental and physical aspects. The more you know about your destination, the smoother your transition. This edition deals specifically with Melbourne and will help you research your future home, from choosing a school or suburb to live in, packing your household belongings, to where to go for your weekend away once you’re living here.

Throughout this website you’ll find tips from specialists and other migrants, answers to frequently asked questions, contact details, e-mail and websites for the hundreds of services you will be using and a month by month relocation planner, to help guide you through the process.

Melbourne is a great city and we look forward to welcoming you here!

Melbourne, capital city of Victoria, is home to 3.4 million citizens from numerous cultural backgrounds. An exciting, multi-cultural city, Melbourne is elegant and sophisticated, yet eclectic and cosmopolitan. Highly regarded for its innovative arts and culture, entertainment, culinary excellence, shopping and sporting spectaculars, Melbourne’s diversity is reflected in the fusion of it’s architecture which blends both the historic and the contemporary.


Welcome to Australia

More than 100,000 people arrive in Australia each year to begin a new chapter of their lives as migrants or expatriates. Australia is widely regarded as a destination of choice – a land of diversity and culture, sunshine, beaches and picture-perfect landscapes. Accepting and welcoming, Australians’ easy-going nature has made many a newcomer’s transition to their new lives a little bit easier.

The clichéd view of Australia as a land of beaches and beer and fun in the sun, has more than an element of truth to it, but alongside this is a country that has worked hard to earn it’s place in a global economy. Our major cities rank high in world comparison reports on livable cities, most notably Melbourne, voted the winner in October 2002 by London-based consultancy, the Economist Intelligence Unit in a survey of 130 cities. Clean and safe, Australia is a great place to raise children, with excellent and varied education choices, world class entertainment, and best of all, parks, beaches, pools, walking and bike tracks.

It’s therefore not surprising that there are so many applications for migrants to move to Australia. Waiting for your visa can seem interminable when you have made the decision to move. Now you can spend that time planning your future with the help of this book!

Australia on Wikipedia

Melbourne Bus Hire